Valgus Deformity Of The Lower Leg

Valgus deformity of the Tibia is characterized by the X-shape of the legs, in consequence of a weakening of the muscles and ligaments. The injury can be the cause of the pathology of the spine, disorders of the internal organs and systems.

valgus deformity of the lower leg

The features of Hallux valgus

Valgus deformity of the Tibia in children can be congenital and acquired diseases. The most important changes occur in the knee joint of the child, visually overextension notice the legs, and deviation of the heels to the outside.

The main causes of the curvature of the feet and lower legs in children:

  • Genetic Feature;
  • Abnormality Of The Lower Leg;
  • Violation of the integrity of bone and cartilage tissue;
  • Incorrect recording of the useful elements;
  • Inflammatory or infectious processes;
  • Severe injuries of the extremities;
  • Migrated in childhood rickets;
  • Overweight.

Under such conditions, minor congenital malformations in children are able to deteriorate, increasing the depth of the curvature of the arch. Later, the pathological processes occur in the joints of the knee and the pelvis.

Malalignment of the knee – a gap of more than 5.5 cm between the parties. Congenital malformation in children diagnosed with rare, most often in the wrong of intrauterine development of the hip, forefoot, and lower leg.

A common cause of Hallux valgus deformity of the lower extremity – the natural instinct that compels arrange the feet in an attempt to keep the balance. To not disappear the is vitiatam deviation of the position for 8-10 years in the life of a child.

Disease in childhood arises due to the increased stress of the foot, the early portum on a Walker, accelerated the process of walking a child because of a hereditary weakness and under development of the bands.

Symptoms of the disease

Hallux valgus lower leg in children is not just a beauty error, but significantly reduce the quality of life. As the disease move to the people hard to, of course plump is, condition by the following symptoms:

  • Constant aching sensation in the limbs;
  • Violation of blood circulation – blue coloring of the skin, the formation of varicose veins;
  • Fatigue during the movement;
  • Swelling in the area of the calf muscles;
  • The shuffling of the feet while walking.
valgus deformity lower leg treatment

Due to an incorrect loading of the joints in children are gradually destroyed. If it does not take the time therapeutic measures to remedy the disease the Patient loses the ability to move.

On the photo valgus deformity lower-leg looks like a X-shaped curvature, if it is impossible, reduce to the knee. Has obvious displacement of the axes of the extremities, and the distance between the inner ankles is more than 5 cm

The extent of the injury

In the early stages of the disease, a deviation to the outside of the Tibia is not more than 10-15 degrees, in the second – more than 15-20 degrees. In the case of a severe degree of curvature deviation diagnosed at 20 and more degrees.

Treatment of the pathology

According to the investigation, in the case of an orthopedic surgeon, performing the x-ray of the lower leg in two projections of disease is diagnosed. The cause of the Deformation of an ultrasound examination, in the case of the transfer of the blood sample, the review of the work of the kidney may be necessary.

Principles of treatment of Hallux valgus deformity of the tibia in children and adults:

  • For the elimination of the painful symptoms appointed orthopedic measures – corrigendum-laying, the tires, and orthopedic shoes. It is important that the back was part of the tight, and lasting, heel, not below 5 mm, the width of the toe of a customized footbed;
  • For the stabilization of the joint capsule and strengthening of the muscle corset, a child needs to therapeutic Massage no less than 20 meetings per month, the intensity of the impact on the injured area gradually increases, the technology will be used stroking, rubbing, vibration, tapping, massaging pizzicato movements;
  • Physio therapeutic effect of electrical stimulation of the plantar muscles, improves blood circulation, supports the physiological posture of the legs during the movement;
  • Physiotherapy – the number of exercises and systematically doctor is carried out. In the case of Hallux valgus feet and lower legs in children, Flexion and extension in the upper ankle joint is practiced joints, turning of the feet successively, to capture and hold the toes of small items, squat on the heels, on the external side of the foot.

In advanced cases, the correction of the pathology of conservative methods do not succeed, the process osteotomy. As a result of the procedure removes a part of the leg is spliced, the rest of the parts. After the compression deflection used in osteosynthesis: will form the unit yelizarov, the right angle between the bones of the foot and lower leg.

After surgery, 2-3 days of cooling and pain relief on the operated leg, to the foot of the patient special with a Walker, later with crutches.

Complications after surgery are rare – it can vessels bleeding due to lacerations blood, accession secondary infections, severe pain when walking.

Thanks to the surgery, you will get a great result, although it is possible and the development of the disease – in the absence of the implementation of preventive measures, excessive load on the lower extremities.

The Operation in the child and adolescence not be used in the rule, most of the time it shows the older people, if the curvature of the Tibia accompanied by inflammatory processes, plenty of oedema, impaired movement coordination.

Prevention

Can I prevent the occurrence of Hallux valgus lower leg? The legs of the child is physiologically developed in a logically correct way, it is important to breastfeeding diet Baby mineral trace elements, in addition to Vitamin D, to prevent rickets.

In the first steps of the child, buy quality shoes to avoid unnecessary strain on the thigh and lower leg up to the age of 7 months. Useful for a relaxing Massage of the legs make on a regular basis, the thermal baths with the addition of quilted extract, decoction of medicinal plants.

Positive effect on the Installation of the feet:

valgus deformity exercises lower leg
  • Swimming;
  • Cycling;
  • Skiing, Or Skateboarding;
  • Football game;
  • Climb the stairs, of the Swedish wall.

In the warm season is useful to walk barefoot on grass, gravel, Sand, dirt road. Also important is the prevention of hypothermia or overheating of the extremities is not the course of the disease worsen.

At the slightest sign of curvature is important for the help of a doctor, self medication can lead to disability and death (the development of Thrombophlebitis, curvature of the spine, injury to the internal organs and systems).

A timely treatment of the lower extremities, Hallux valgus surgery avoids, eliminates fatigue, injuries to the legs, problems with the musculoskeletal system.

14.09.2018